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...Retrieve the current user's SID?
Autor: Yorai Aminov
Homepage: http://www.shorterpath.com
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Tip Rating (59):  
     


(******************************************************************************)
(* SPGetSid - Retrieve the current user's SID in text format                  *)
(*                                                                            *)
(* Copyright (c) 2004 Shorter Path Software                                   *)
(* http://www.shorterpath.com                                                 *)
(******************************************************************************)


{
  SID is a data structure of variable length that identifies user, group,
  and computer accounts.
  Every account on a network is issued a unique SID when the account is first created.
  Internal processes in Windows refer to an account's SID
  rather than the account's user or group name.
}


unit SPGetSid;

interface

uses
  
Windows, SysUtils;

function GetCurrentUserSid: string;

implementation

const
  
HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY = $00000008;
  SID_REVISION     = 1; // Current revision level

type
  
PTokenUser = ^TTokenUser;
  TTokenUser = packed record
    
User: TSidAndAttributes;
  end;

function ConvertSid(Sid: PSID; pszSidText: PChar; var dwBufferLen: DWORD): BOOL;
var
  
psia: PSIDIdentifierAuthority;
  dwSubAuthorities: DWORD;
  dwSidRev: DWORD;
  dwCounter: DWORD;
  dwSidSize: DWORD;
begin
  
Result := False;

  dwSidRev := SID_REVISION;

  if not IsValidSid(Sid) then Exit;

  psia := GetSidIdentifierAuthority(Sid);

  dwSubAuthorities := GetSidSubAuthorityCount(Sid)^;

  dwSidSize := (15 + 12 + (12 * dwSubAuthorities) + 1) * SizeOf(Char);

  if (dwBufferLen < dwSidSize) then
  begin
    
dwBufferLen := dwSidSize;
    SetLastError(ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER);
    Exit;
  end;

  StrFmt(pszSidText, 'S-%u-', [dwSidRev]);

  if (psia.Value[0] <> 0) or (psia.Value[1] <> 0) then
    
StrFmt(pszSidText + StrLen(pszSidText),
      '0x%.2x%.2x%.2x%.2x%.2x%.2x',
      [psia.Value[0], psia.Value[1], psia.Value[2],
      psia.Value[3], psia.Value[4], psia.Value[5]])
  else
    
StrFmt(pszSidText + StrLen(pszSidText),
      '%u',
      [DWORD(psia.Value[5]) +
      DWORD(psia.Value[4] shl 8) +
      DWORD(psia.Value[3] shl 16) +
      DWORD(psia.Value[2] shl 24)]);

  dwSidSize := StrLen(pszSidText);

  for dwCounter := 0 to dwSubAuthorities - 1 do
  begin
    
StrFmt(pszSidText + dwSidSize, '-%u',
      [GetSidSubAuthority(Sid, dwCounter)^]);
    dwSidSize := StrLen(pszSidText);
  end;

  Result := True;
end;

function ObtainTextSid(hToken: THandle; pszSid: PChar;
  var dwBufferLen: DWORD): BOOL;
var
  
dwReturnLength: DWORD;
  dwTokenUserLength: DWORD;
  tic: TTokenInformationClass;
  ptu: Pointer;
begin
  
Result := False;
  dwReturnLength := 0;
  dwTokenUserLength := 0;
  tic := TokenUser;
  ptu := nil;

  if not GetTokenInformation(hToken, tic, ptu, dwTokenUserLength,
    dwReturnLength) then
  begin
    if 
GetLastError = ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER then
    begin
      
ptu := HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap, HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY, dwReturnLength);
      if ptu = nil then Exit;
      dwTokenUserLength := dwReturnLength;
      dwReturnLength    := 0;

      if not GetTokenInformation(hToken, tic, ptu, dwTokenUserLength,
        dwReturnLength) then Exit;
    end 
    else 
      
Exit;
  end;

  if not ConvertSid((PTokenUser(ptu).User).Sid, pszSid, dwBufferLen) then Exit;

  if not HeapFree(GetProcessHeap, 0, ptu) then Exit;

  Result := True;
end;

function GetCurrentUserSid: string;
var
  
hAccessToken: THandle;
  bSuccess: BOOL;
  dwBufferLen: DWORD;
  szSid: array[0..260] of Char;
begin
  
Result := '';

  bSuccess := OpenThreadToken(GetCurrentThread, TOKEN_QUERY, True,
    hAccessToken);
  if not bSuccess then
  begin
    if 
GetLastError = ERROR_NO_TOKEN then
      
bSuccess := OpenProcessToken(GetCurrentProcess, TOKEN_QUERY,
        hAccessToken);
  end;
  if bSuccess then
  begin
    
ZeroMemory(@szSid, SizeOf(szSid));
    dwBufferLen := SizeOf(szSid);

    if ObtainTextSid(hAccessToken, szSid, dwBufferLen) then
      
Result := szSid;
    CloseHandle(hAccessToken);
  end;
end;

end.

 

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