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...create a shortcut in the Startmenu, on the Desktop, ...?
Autor: Thomas Stutz
[ Print tip ]  

Tip Rating (44):  
     


uses
  
Registry,
  ActiveX,
  ComObj,
  ShlObj;

type
  
ShortcutType = (_DESKTOP, _QUICKLAUNCH, _SENDTO, _STARTMENU, _OTHERFOLDER);

function CreateShortcut(SourceFileName: string// the file the shortcut points to
                        
Location: ShortcutType; // shortcut location
                        
SubFolder,  // subfolder of location
                        
WorkingDir, // working directory property of the shortcut
                        
Parameters,
                        Description: string): //  description property of the shortcut
                        
string;
const
  
SHELL_FOLDERS_ROOT = 'Software\MicroSoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer';
  QUICK_LAUNCH_ROOT = 'Software\MicroSoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\GrpConv';
var
  
MyObject: IUnknown;
  MySLink: IShellLink;
  MyPFile: IPersistFile;
  Directory, LinkName: string;
  WFileName: WideString;
  Reg: TRegIniFile;
begin

  
MyObject := CreateComObject(CLSID_ShellLink);
  MySLink := MyObject as IShellLink;
  MyPFile := MyObject as IPersistFile;

  MySLink.SetPath(PChar(SourceFileName));
  MySLink.SetArguments(PChar(Parameters));
  MySLink.SetDescription(PChar(Description));

  LinkName := ChangeFileExt(SourceFileName, '.lnk');
  LinkName := ExtractFileName(LinkName);

  // Quicklauch
  
if Location = _QUICKLAUNCH then
  begin
    
Reg := TRegIniFile.Create(QUICK_LAUNCH_ROOT);
    try
      
Directory := Reg.ReadString('MapGroups', 'Quick Launch', '');
    finally
      
Reg.Free;
    end;
  end
  else
  
// Other locations
  
begin
    
Reg := TRegIniFile.Create(SHELL_FOLDERS_ROOT);
    try
    case 
Location of
      
_OTHERFOLDER : Directory := SubFolder;
      _DESKTOP     : Directory := Reg.ReadString('Shell Folders', 'Desktop', '');
      _STARTMENU   : Directory := Reg.ReadString('Shell Folders', 'Start Menu', '');
      _SENDTO      : Directory := Reg.ReadString('Shell Folders', 'SendTo', '');
    end;
    finally
      
Reg.Free;
    end;
  end;

  if Directory <> '' then
  begin
    if 
(SubFolder <> '') and (Location <> _OTHERFOLDER) then
      
WFileName := Directory + '\' + SubFolder + '\' + LinkName
    else
      
WFileName := Directory + '\' + LinkName;


    if WorkingDir = '' then
      
MySLink.SetWorkingDirectory(PChar(ExtractFilePath(SourceFileName)))
    else
      
MySLink.SetWorkingDirectory(PChar(WorkingDir));

    MyPFile.Save(PWChar(WFileName), False);
    Result := WFileName;
  end;
end;

function GetProgramDir: string;
var
  
reg: TRegistry;
begin
  
reg := TRegistry.Create;
  try
    
reg.RootKey := HKEY_CURRENT_USER;
    reg.OpenKey('Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders', False);
    Result := reg.ReadString('Programs');
    reg.CloseKey;
  finally
    
reg.Free;
  end;
end;

// Some examples:

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
const
 
PROGR = 'c:\YourProgram.exe';
var
  
resPath: string;
begin
  
//Create a Shortcut in the Quckick launch toolbar
  
CreateShortcut(PROGR, _QUICKLAUNCH, '','','','Description');

  //Create a Shortcut on the Desktop
  
CreateShortcut(PROGR, _DESKTOP, '','','','Description');

  //Create a Shortcut in the Startmenu /"Programs"-Folder
  
resPath := CreateShortcut(PROGR, _OTHERFOLDER, GetProgramDir,'','','Description');
  if resPath <> '' then
  begin
    
ShowMessage('Shortcut Successfully created in: ' + resPath);
  end;
end;



 

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